Belief in the unseen realm is part of our Islamic Faith. That being said, we also acknowledge and believe in both the unseen pure entities and the unseen evil entities. The two powerful unseen forces that Islam has taught us are the Shayateen (pl. of shaytan) and the disbelieving Jinns. Not all Jinns are evil. There are good Jinns who are Muslims and who fear Allah. However, there are also disbelieving, evil and mischievous Jinns who associate with the Shayateen and harm the humans. Allah warns us in the Quran to be cautious of the Shaytan as He is an avowed enemy to mankind.
Many times we see young children waking up frightened and crying in the middle of the night, seeing nightmares repeatedly, being rebellious with their parents, hysterically crying for no reason, falling sick very often and more. All of this sometimes can be the mischief of the Shaytan.
Children are also extremely vulnerable to evil eye. They can get get evil eye for their looks, charms, intelligence, good health, eating habits and so on. Therefore, as parents we are obliged to protect our children from the unseen harms that we Muslims have knowledge of through Divine guidance. Alhamdulillah Who has taught His Chosen Messenger (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) various precautions and supplications by which we can seek Allah’s protection from all evils for ourselves and for our vulnerable children. I have thereby compiled below the means of seeking protection from the Sunnah of our Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam):
[Note that for children who are too young to recite the adkhar by themselves, the parent should recite it and blow on them until they become able of doing it by themselves.]
1. MORNING SUPPLICATIONS
Teach your children to remember Allah as soon as they wake up in the morning. After they have said their du’aa that is to be recited after waking up, have them recite the following for the protection from evil until dusk.
• A’oodhu (u’eedhu-kum/kuma) bikalimaatil-laahit-taammati min kulli shaytaanin wa haammatin, wa min kulli ‘aynin laammatin.
I seek protection for you in the Perfect Words of Allah from every devil and every beast , and from every envious blameworthy eye.
The Prophet (SAW) used to seek Allah’s protection for Al-Hasan and Al-Husain by reciting the above du’aa.
• “Whoever says three times in the morning and evening:
Bismillahi-alladhee laa yadhurru ma’a ismihi shayy-un fil ardi wa laa fis-samaai wa huwa As-Samee’ul ‘Aleem.
In the Name of Allah with Whose Name there is protection against every kind of harm in the earth or in the heaven, and He is the All-Hearing and All-Knowing,’ nothing will harm him.”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi]
2. BEFORE LEAVING HOME
•Bismillahi tawakkaltu ‘alaa Allahi laa hawlaa wa laa quwwata illa bi-Allah
When you say it, you will be told (without your awareness): “You have been spared, protected and guided” The Satan will keep away from you and will tell another: “What can you do to a man who has been guided, protected and spared?”
Abu Dawud: 4/325 and At-Tirmidhi: 5/154.
3. BEFORE ENTERING TOILET
Teach them the etiquettes of attending the toilets as the houses of shayateen are in places of filth.
• Bismillah. Allahumma inni a’oodhu bika minal-khubthi wal-khaba’ith
O Allah! I seek refuge in you from the male and female Satans.
Al-Bukhari and Muslim
4. BEFORE CHANGING OR UNDRESSING
Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “A screen will be placed between the eyes of the jinn and the ‘awrah of the sons of Adam when one of them enters the toilet, if he says ‘Bismillaah (in the name of Allaah).” (Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 496).
5. KEEP THEM INDOORS AFTER MAGHRIB
The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
“When the wings of the night spread – or when evening comes – keep your children in, for the devils come out at that time. Then when part of the night has passed, let them go…”
(Bukhari and Muslim)
6. EVENING PROTECTION
Recite the same du’aas that is recited in the morning.
Teach your children the Surahs, ayahs and du’aas that the Prophet (sal-Allahu alayhi wa sallam) recited for the protection from evil before sleeping. Your children will be safe bi’idhnillah ta’ala until the morning. Make it your bedtime ritual!
•Ayatul Kursi (once)
Narrated Abu Huraira: Prophet Muhammad (sal-Allahu alaihi wasallam) ordered me to guard the Zakat revenue of Ramadan. Then somebody came to me and started stealing of the foodstuff. I caught him and said, “I will take you to Allah’s Apostle!” Then Abu Huraira described the whole narration and said: That person said (to me), “Please don’t take me to Allah’s Apostle and I will tell you a few words by which Allah will benefit you. When you go to your bed, recite Ayatul Kursi, (2.255) for then there will be a guard from Allah who will protect you all night long, and Satan will not be able to come near you till dawn.” When the Prophet heard the story he said (to me), “He (who came to you at night) told you the truth although he is a liar; and it was Satan.”
Sahih Al-Bukhari – Book 61 Hadith 530
•Suratul Ikhlas (thrice)
•Suratul Falaq (thrice)
•Suratul Naas (thrice)
Aa’ishah (radi-Allahu anha) narrated that when the Prophet (sal-Allahu alaihi wasallam) went to bed every night, he would hold his hands together and blow into them, and recite into them Qul Huwa Allaahu Ahad, Qul a’oodhu bi rabb il-falaq and Qul a’oodhu bi rabb il-naas. Then he would wipe them over whatever he could of his body, starting with his head and face and the front of his body, and he would do that three times.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari (5017).
•Last two verses of Suratul Baqarah (once)
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever recites the last two verses of Soorat al-Baqarah at night, they will suffice him.”
Narrated by al-Bukhaari (5009) and Muslim (2714).
I pray that Allah subhanu wa ta’ala protects our children from the evil of everything that He created, ameen.